让包容共享的无障碍文化写在深圳大地上

2020-12-07 15:41:00

di29geguojicanjirenrijujiao“wuzhangai”

2020nian12yue07ri shenzhentequbao banci:a06 zhangxingwei

 

xianshangxianxiaguoneiwaixianjindewuzhangaijianshejingyanjiaoliuzhankai“tounaofengbao”。

 

shicanliandangzushuji、lishizhanghouyishaxianchangyanjiang。

 

“zhongjiangengmeihaoshenghuo:xinguanfeiyanyiqinghou,jiansheyigecanjianronghe、wuzhangaihekechixudeshijie——shenzhenwuzhangaichengshijianshelilunyushijiantansuo”huodongxianchang。

“canjirenshiyigeteshukunnanqunti,xuyaogewaiguanxin、gewaiguanzhu。”wuzhangaichengshichuangjiankeyouxiaozhulicanjirenpengyoujijirongrushehui、pingdengcanyushehuishenghuo。

12yue3rishidi29geguojicanjirenri,weiqingzhudi29geguojicanjirenrijishenzhenwuzhangaixuanchuancujinri,guangfanxuanchuanshenzhenshicanjirenlianhehui“tianshengbingfu geyousuozhang pochuzhangai gongxiangankang”degongzuolinian,dalicujinshehuigejielejie、zhichi、canyushenzhenwuzhangaichengshijianshe,zaizhangqizhiliyucujincanjirenkangfuhefulideguojifeizhengfuzuzhi“kangfuguoji”dezhidaoxia,shenzhenshicanlianzaiguojicanjirenridangtian,juban“zhongjiangengmeihaoshenghuo:xinguanfeiyanyiqinghou,jiansheyigecanjianronghe、wuzhangaihekechixudeshijie——shenzhenwuzhangaichengshijianshelilunyushijiantansuo”huodong,guoneiwaibutonglingyudezhuanjiaxuezhecaiyongxianshangxianxiaxiangjiehedefangshi,fabiaozhutiyanjiang,congduogejiaoduweishenzhenwuzhangaichengshidejiansheyufazhanjianyanxiance。

yejiedakaxianshangxianxiagongyiwuzhangai

zuowei“di29geguojicanjirenrijishenzhenwuzhangaixuanchuancujinri”zhongdeyigezhongbanghuodong,“zhongjiangengmeihaoshenghuo:xinguanfeiyanyiqinghou,jiansheyigecanjianronghe、wuzhangaihekechixudeshijie——shenzhenwuzhangaichengshijianshelilunyushijiantansuo”huodongyaoqingdaoyejieduoweidaka,tamenweiraoguojiwuzhangaishiyefazhanxinqushi、yongrengongzhinenggaibiancanzhangzheshenghuo、tuidonggangshenwuzhangaichengshijiansheyitihuayijishenzhenwuzhangaichengshililunyushijiantansuodenghuati,zhankai“tounaofengbao”,xianshangxianxiagongyiwuzhangai。

“zai29geguojicanjirenrizhong,zhishaoyou5genianduzhutishipochuzhangaide。”shicanliandangzushuji、lishizhanghouyishazaihuodongzhongfabiao“rangwomengongtongchuangjianwuzhangaichengshi”zhutiyanjiangshibiaoshi,2006nianguojicanjirenrizhutishi“xinxiwuzhangai”,2013nianguojicanjirenrizhutishi“dapozhangai,changkaidamen:jianshebaorongsuoyourendeshehui”,2015nianguojicanjirenrizhutishi“ronghezhiguanzhongyao:quanshehuiwuzhangai,fuquansuoyouren”,2019nianguojicanjirenrizhutishi“wuzhangaideweilai”。

zhideguanzhudeshi,wuzhangaizhengchengweijinshijinianlaiguojiashehuidegaopinci,chuangjianwuzhangaichengshizhengchengweiyuelaiyueduorendegongshi。

wuzhangaigainianyugongyehuachengshihuamiqiexiangguan

“youyushengli、falvheshehuifangmiandezhangai,canjirenwangwangbunenghezhengchangrenyiyangpingdengdixiangshouzhengzhi、jingji、shehuihewenhuadengquanli,jitamendailailezhuduozibei、kunnanheyouciyujianquanrenqungehedeshenghuoshenzhishijie。zheibujinshizhanrenkou15%canjirendenan,yeshi8%laonianrendetong。”houyishabiaoshi,wuzhangaigainianfaduanyuoumeiguojia,yugongyehua、chengshihuafazhanhequanliyundongdengmiqiexiangguan。

zuichu,wuzhangaishiyizhongjianzhushejilinian。20shiji30niandai,ruidian、danmaidengguojiakaishizaichengshijianshezhuangongcanzhangzheshiyongdesheshi,zuoweichangdaocanjiren“zhengchanghua”nulideyibufen,1959nianouzhouyihuitongguole《fangbiancanzhangzheshiyongdegonggongjianshedeshejiyujianshedejueyi》。dagaitongyishiqi,meiguoweilefangbianshangcanjunrenjiuyebushouxianzhierzheshoujianshezhuanmendesheshi,1961nianmeiguoyoulvxianzhidingle《bianyuzhiticanzhangzhejinruheshiyongdejianzhusheshidemeiguobiaozhun》,zheiyeshishijieshangdiyigeyouguanwuzhangaidebiaozhun。

jingguoshuniandefazhan,2006nian12yue,zaidi61jielianheguodahuitongguode《canjirenquanligongyue》,chuangzaoxingditichu“tongyongsheji”he“helibianli”gainian,yijijianliwuzhangaihuanjing,weirenmenzaigengguanglingyugenghaodirenshi、dingyiheshiyong“wuzhangai”tigonglekeneng,weibacanzhangzhedewentiyuyibanshehuiwentilianjieqilaidatongleguanjie。《canjirenquanligongyue》jiang“canzhang”dingyiweishangcanzheyuhuanjingzhangaihudongdejieguo。zheigedingyishijuyouhuashidaijiazhiheyiyide,guoqurenmenrenweicanzhangshicanzhangzhegerendeshi,shitamenjiatingdebuxing,conglaimeiyoubatamenmingyungaibianyuchengshifazhanjinmidilianxizaiyiqi。

1972nian,guojicanjirenkangfuhuishelilewuzhangaijishuzhuanmenweiyuanhui,lvxiantuichuleguojitongyongde“wuzhangai”biaoshi。2018nian12yue28ri,lianheguocanzhangzhewuzhangaizhidaoweiyuanhuizainiuyuelianheguozongbuchengli,kangfuguojishouyaojiarulegaiweiyuanhui,quanqiukaishizaigengguangfandilingyutuijinwuzhangaigongzuo。

shenzhenlvxiantansuochuangjianwuzhangaichengshi

julejie,chengshishejizhuanjialundundaxuejiaoshouxilierfaxian,chengshijiushiyaoanpairendeyundongkongjianhehuanjingguanxi,youyurenleiduishehuifazhanderenzhinenglisuoxian,yeyouyuziyuanjinque,zaoqichengshizhishianzhaoyixiejianquanshejiguihuazhedetianxingxuqiusuojian。zhidaoxianzaichengshirengranpeizhideshidaduoshusuowei“jianquanren”dexuqiugongneng,meiyoucongrongdiduilaoren、ertongtebieshicanjirenxuqiujiyuzugouhuojibenhuiying,gengmeiyoutongguowuzhangaigongnenghesheshijianshe,yanshenrenleishengcunbiyaodeaiheduitamenzunyandebaohu。

“suizhelishijinbu,shehuiwenmingchengdutigao,shehuiziyuanjilei、shengcunfangshixinxihua、laolinghuayinlangxilai,canzhangzhebilishangsheng,jibianshijianquanren,pingjunmeigerenyishengzhongyeyou11%zuoyoushijianyouzhangai。”houyishabiaoshi,yuelaiyueduoderenzaisikao,chengshinengbunengzaishejishanggengrenxinghua、shiyinggezhongrendexuyao,erbushixiangfan,bizherenmenqushiyingchengshifazhan?xiandaichengshiguihuadedianjirenhuohuadelvxianguihualechengshiwuzhangaikongjian,weicanzhangquntiyuliulezhuanmendehuodongquyu。zheixiedoufanyinglerenmenduichengshiwuzhangaihegongpinggongzhenghuanjingdexiangwang。

zhengshizaizheizhongtiaojianxia,shenzhenzai2010nianchutai《shenzhenshiwuzhangaihuanjingtiaoli》,kaiqilequanshinaizhiquanguowuzhangaishiye,danyouyuwuzhihuanjing、shehuihuanjinghetaiduhuanjingxiediaoxingbugao,canjianrenqunronghewenhuameiyouxingcheng,zheige《tiaoli》cuishengdemangdao、wuzhangaixishoujian、podaodeng,suipianhuaqieshiyonglvhendi,shidecanzhangzherongheshehuinenglinanyitigao。weilejiejuezheigewenti,shenzhencanliangongzuozhegenjurendadaibiao、zhengxieweiyuanjicanjirendaibiaodeyijianjianyi,zaiguangfandidiaoyanherenzhenyanjiuwuzhangaitexingjichushang,tichutongguolinianwenhua、zhiduguizeheqiwuhuanjingdejianshehegaizao,datongrenmenzaijingshenhewuzhilianggecengmiandezhongzhongzhangai,rangcanjirenshixianziwojiazhihetuidongshehuiwenmingjinbudegongzuosilu。

juhouyishajieshao,wuzhangaiyouzheiyangjigetexing:yishifangbianxing,suoyousheshi、kongjiandouyaotongyong、bianli、keda、anquan;ershililunxing,yaojiangouwuzhangaililun、wuzhangaixueke、wuzhangaichengshixue、wuzhangaisheji;sanshiwenhuaxing,yaoyangchengshiminwenhuabaokuopingdengquanlihuode、shiminzuncanwenmingxisu、renwenguanhuai、jishugeming、duoyuanchuzhangfuwufangshi;sishiwulixing,baokuochengshixingtai、kongjiananpai、huanjingyingzao、sheshishebeiwuzhangaihua。“wuzhangai”zheigegainiankeyilijiewei“quchuzhangai”,ji“xiaochuzhangai”,yekeyilijieweitongguochengshijianshe,xiaochuzhangai,xingchenghexiebaorongdechengshimubiao。

jianglvxianyonglifaxingshiguhuawuzhangaichengshijianshechengguo

2018nian11yue,shenzhenshizhengfuchutai《shenzhenshichuangjianwuzhangaichengshixingdongfangan》,goujianlewulikongjian、xingweiguifan、wenhuaguannian“sanweiyiti”dewuzhangaichengshifazhangeju。shishiwuzhangaichengshijianshe“qidaxingdong”、29tiaocuoshi。

zheiqidaxingdongfenbieshi:yishiwuzhangaidingcengshejixingdong,congchengshizongtiguihua、zhuanxiangguihua、biaozhuntixi、shejiguifanyijixiangguanzhengceshangyuyiquanmianbaozhang;ershiwuzhangaizhongdianxiangmuchuangjianxingdong,tongguozhongdianquyuzhongdianbumen,chutailejishigegegezhuanmendesheji、guihua,zhidingwuzhangaichengshihewuzhangaixinxihualianggebiaozhun,jianshewuzhangaifuwuzhongxin、wuzhangaizhutigongyuanhewuzhangaifuhuakongjiandengzhongdianxiangmu;sanshishenghuowuzhangaixingdong,duijiating、shequ、gonggongfuwuchangsuojipingtaishishiwuzhangaigaizao;sishichuxingwuzhangaixingdong,zhuyaofazhangongjiao、chuzuche、renxingtongdao、wuzhangaitingchechang、xinxihuazhinengmangdaodeng;wushixinxijiaoliuwuzhangaixingdong,congzhucandianzhaofuwu、gonggongfuwu、xingyexinxi、xinxixiaofeidengcengmianluoshiheyouhui;liushiwuzhangaiwenhuapeiyuxingdong,baokuodingqikaizhanxuanchuancujinhuodong、kaizhanzhongxiaoxueqimengjiaoyu、zhidingwuzhangaishiminguizeyijipeiyangwuzhangaizhuanyederencaiduiwu;qishiwuzhangaidudaoxingdong,womengulishiminsuishoupaifaxian“zhangai”,butiesirenwuyewuzhangaigaizao,xiangshehuifabuwuzhangaijianshe“hongheibang”,hongyangwuzhangaiwenhua,womenhaijiangtansuowuzhangaishenchayanshou、shulizhenggai“zhangaiqingdan”、kaizhandingqiwuzhangaixunchadudao、chufadenggongzuo。

muqian,shenzhenjianglvxianyilifaxingshiguhuawuzhangaichengshijianshechengguo。《shenzhenshiwuzhangaichengshijianshezongtiguihua(2020nian-2035nian)》zhanwangdao,2035nianwoshijiangjianchengjuyouguojiyiliushuipingdechengshiwuzhangaishengtai,shixiancanjirenrongrushehuiwuzhangai。

hulianwangshidaidedaolai,beirenmenshiweishidilixianzhidezhongjie。jinnian,woshichutaizhengce,yaobashenzhenjianshejuyouquanqiuyingxiangliai+5g+8k+yunyingyongxiandaoqu。xiandaoquyaokaifayuanchengfuwu、daohangtixi、zhinengfuju、wanwuhulianwangdengjishu,rucijiunenggoujianqiwuzhangaichengshixunishuzideluanshengban,zheigeluanshengbanlianjieqishouji、shoubiao、yanjingdengzhongduanshebei,jiunengrangcanjirenzaijujia、shangxue、jiuye、lvxing、kangfugegechangjing“kezhiyin、kebizhang、keronghe、kezaidi”,zheijiangchanshengchengshixinxingtai,jinengpeiyuxindejingjizengzhangdian,younengzaofuyucanzhangpengyoujiquanshirenmin。zheigegaibianbudanshirendaozhuyidezhize,yeshizibenshichangyaoguanzhudeguangkuodetouzilanhai。

lianheguomishuzhangandongniao·guteleisizuijintichuyijukouhao:“baozhangcanzhangzhequanli,jiushitouziwomenquanqiugongtongdeweilai”。weilejicanjirengengjiameihaodefazhanhuanjing,womencanjirenfuwugongzuorenyuan,yaobagengduodejinglihereqingfangzaixuexisundashengde“huoyanjinjingshizhangai”he“tengyunjiawuchuzhangai”lianggetezhishang,yaotebiepeiyangzijizheilianggefangmiannengli,yaoshanyuxiangshehuigejiejieshaocanzhangzhedeshenglihexinlitezheng,rangquanshehuilejielijietamendetedian,tongshiyunyong“tongyonglinian”,tongbusheji、tongbuguihua、tongbujianshemeiyigegonggongchangsuo、shejimeiyigegonggongzhengce、kaizhanmeiyigezhucanxiangmu。gengzhongyaodeshi,yaopeiyuwoshidewuzhangaiwenhua:dangrenheyigegongwuyuanqicaowenjianshi,dounenghuiyingcanzhangquntiliyisuqiu;dangrenheyigeqiyeshengchanchanpinshi,douyouwuzhangaigongneng;dangcanzhangpengyoucanjiagonggonghuodongshi,dounengdedaozunzhong;dangwaidipengyoulaidaoshenzhenshidounengganshoudao“zheilikanzhongzunyan、zhihuiheaideliliang”,woshiwuzhangaiwenhuajiuyangchengle。

“womenqidai,dao2035nianwoshijiangjianchengquanqiudiyigebiaozhunhuadewuzhangaichengshi,rangbaoronggongxiangdewuzhangaiwenhuaxiezaishenzhendadishang,qingquanshigejiepengyouyuwomenqianshougongjianwuzhangaichengshi。”houyishashuo。

jingcaifayan

womenxuyaokankanwomenxianyoudelifa、biaozhunheguifan,womenxuyaogaijinhegengxintamen,shitamenxiandaihua,shitamenyiyushiyong、gengyouhao。

yizuowuzhangaichengshikeyizaigegecengmianjianliwuzhangaiweiyuanhui。zaiwuzhangaiweiyuanhuizhong,kenengxuyaokaolvzaimeigezhengfubumenjianliwuzhangaibangongshiheguanlirenyuan,woxiangxinzheixieshiqingkeyouzhengfuyufeizhengfuzuzhihezuo。

——kangfuguojiyazhouqufuzhuxiguanguole

taibeideshenxinzhangaizhekeyitongguowuzhangaixiaoyuanditu,kandaoxiaoyuanlimeiyidongdaloudemeiyicenglimianfenbieyouzhenaxiewuzhangaisheshi,birushuoxishoujian,tadeshengjiangtihuozheshiwuzhangaidexiepo,zheixiezaishijidezhaopianshangyouqingqingchuchudechicun。

wuzhangaideguannianbujinkeluoshidaomeiyigeshenxinzhangaideqingnianrenxinzhong,yeyaorangsuoyourendounenggouqingchurenzhiwuzhangaideguannian。

——zhongguotaiwanjiaotongdaxuejianzhuyanjiuyuanyanjiuyuanlinchongwei

zaiwuzhangaichengshichuangjianzhong,tebieshiwuzhangaidezhihuihuafangmian,xianggangheshenzhengejuyoushi,yinggaijiaqianghezuo,gongtongtuidongdawanquwuzhangaizhihuihuashiyefazhan。

wotichusandianjianyi:shouxian,jianyigangshenliangdiyinggaibazhihuichengshi,baokuowuzhangaizhihuihuadeneirongnarudaoliangdixieshanggoutongjizhi,liangdideguanfangheminjiandexiangguanbumenhetuanti,yinggaidingqijiuzheigewentizhankaishangtaogoutong,huxiangxuexihejiejian;dier,zaiwuzhangaizhihuihuachanpinfangmian,zaiyanfashengchanheyingyongfangmian,liangdiyinggaijinxingfengonghezuo,bimianziyuanlangfei;disan,shuangfangyaojiaqiangdingcengshejihezuo,gongtongtuidongdawanquchengshiwuzhangaibiaozhunguifanhezhidujianshe。

——xianggangxinwengongzuozhelianhuifuzhuxiguoyiming

meiyicijishudegeminghebianqiandouduiwomendeshenghuodailailedianfuxingdegaibian。

weilaideshequyingdangbaohanjigeweidu,shouxianshibaokuowulikongjiandegaibian,youyuanbenchuantongdegeliedewulikongjianjianshe,bianchengjizhongshide、gongxiangde、renxinghuadejichusheshijianshe。chucizhiwai,haiyouxinxijishusheshidejianshe,zaicizhishangjiuhuibuduanyanshengchulaigengduojiyuxinjijian、xinxijishudegezhonggeyangdexinxideyingyongheshequdechangjing,zheixiechangjinghuijiwomentigonggengweibianli、gengweirenxingdefuwu。zaicizhishangjianliqixiangyingdeshujutixihejinrongtixi,zuizhonghuixingchengwomendeweilaishequshenghuofangshi,congerzhenzhenggaibianwomenxianzaideshenghuo。

——huaweizhongguoquzhihuichengshijiejuefanganzongjiandinglihui

rengongzhinengjishunenggouzhenzhengfunengcanzhangzhequnti,rangtamenxiangzhengchangrenyiyangshenghuo。hainenggourangzheiyiquntizhongdeqiaochumen,yongzijidecongmingcaizhibangzhudaogentamenyouyiyangzaoyuderenmen,zhaodaoshenghuodezhenzhengyiyi,zhaodaozuorendezunyanbingrongrushehui。

rengongzhinengzaifunengcanjirenfangmiankedailaijudadeshehuijiazhi。

——kedaxunfeijituanfuzongcailiusonglin

shenzhenjianglvxianlifazhuliwuzhangaichengshijianshe

zaiwuzhangaichengshijianshezhong,shenzhenjianglvxianjiuwuzhangaichengshijianshezhuanmenlifa。

《shenzhenjingjitequwuzhangaichengshijianshetiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》(yixiajiancheng《tiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》) 11yue19rizaishenzhenshirendachangweihuiwangzhangongkaizhengqiuyijian。

julejie,2009nian,woshichutai《shenzhenshiwuzhangaihuanjingjianshetiaoli》,zaiquanguolvxianyidifanglifaxingshituidongwuzhangaihuanjingjianshe,weibaozhangwoshiwuzhangaihuanjingjianshefahuilezhongyaozuoyong。danyouyutiaolizhidingjiaozao,wuzhangaihuanjingjianshebiaozhunbugouquanmian,yaoqiujiaodi,jiazhicunzaiwuzhangaishehuifuwufangmianneirongbijiaoboruo,jiandubaozhangjizhibugoujianquanyoulidengfangmiandewenti,tiaolideneirongyinanyishiyingshenzhenxianxingshifanqujianshedexianshixuyao,jixuxiugaiwanshan。

jinnianlai,shenzhenzhanzaichengshifazhanxingtaideshijiao,jiangwuzhangaihuanjingjianshetishengdaowuzhangaichengshijianshe,jiansheneirongcongsheshihuanjing、xinxijiaoliuhuanjingjianshekuozhandaolinianwenhua、biaozhuntixi、zhihuiwuzhangaijianshedenglingyu,genghangaiwuzhangaichanyefazhanheshehuironghe、fuwucujin、shehuicanyudengxinneirong。zuoweiyixiangquanfangweixitongxingchengshijianshe,poqiexuyaoyongzuyonghaojingjitequlifaquan,fahuijingjitequlifazaiwuzhangaichengshijianshelingyuxianxingxianshi、tansuochuangxindezuoyong,yinling、tuidonghebaozhangwuzhangaichengshijianshe,cujinshenzhenwuzhangaichengshijianshegaozhiliangfazhan。

wuzhangaichengshidejianshebujinmianxiangcanjiren,haimianxianglaonianren、ertong、yunfu、shangbingzhe、dajianxinglixiedaizhedenggengguangfandeshehuiqunti,duojiaodu、duocengciditixianrenwenguanhuai,wanshanchengshigongneng,tishengchengshixingxiang。

《tiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》gongjiuzhangqishiqitiao,baokuozongze、guihuahebiaozhun、sheshijiansheyuguanli、xinxijiaoliu、shehuifuwu、xuanchuanjiaoyu、baozhangcuoshi、falvzerenhefuze,jiang“wuzhangaihuanjingjianshe”tishengwei“wuzhangaichengshijianshe”。

《tiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》jiaqiangwuzhangaishenghuofuwu,guidingzizhujujiawuzhangaigaizao;jinjihujiaoxitongzengjiayijianhujiao、zhuanyihujiaogongneng;kuodawuzhangaidiantijianshefanwei;gulichuzuchewuzhangai、wangyuechepingtaitigongwuzhangaiyuechefuwuyijishipinyaopindewuzhangaixinxizhichi。《tiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》qianghuakejifuneng,mingquexiangguanwangzhanhezhinengyingyongzhongduanyingdangdadaoxinxijiaoliuwuzhangaibiaozhun;yaoqiutongxinzhongduanshebeizhizaoshangtigongwuzhangaixinxijiaoliuxiangxianjiedejishuhechanpin,guliyouguanqiyezaigezhongchangjingzhongtigongwuzhangaixinxijiaoliuzhichifuwu;jianliquanshiwuzhangaijichusheshixinxishujuku,weiwuzhangaijichusheshijianshe、shiyong、weihuheguanlitigongyiju。

《tiaoli(caoanzhengqiuyijiangao)》haikuodaleminshigongyisusongfanwei,jiangweianzhaowuzhangaibiaozhunguifanjinxingjianshehuozhesunhuai、qinzhanwuzhangaisheshi,zhishishehuigonggongliyishoudaosunhaidexingweinaruminshigongyisusongfanwei,bingshouquanshicanlian、fuliankeyizuoweisusongzhutitiqiminshigongyisusong,yiqianghuasifabaohu。

(zerenbianji huangyanru)