“无障碍”概念 历史溯源

2020-12-07 14:56:00

2020nian12yue07ri shenzhenshangbao banci:a06

xiandaiwenmingchixufazhan,rangcanzhangrenshi“zhengchanghua”dehushengyeyuelaiyuegao,shijiekaishitansuo“wuzhangai”zheiyilingyudefazhan。

shenzhenshicanjirenlianhehuidangzushuji、lishizhanghouyishayongshijianzhouchuanqileshijie“wuzhangai”gainianfazhanjincheng。

20shiji30niandai:ruidian、danmaidengguojiakaishizaichengshijianshezhuangongcanzhangzheshiyongdesheshi,zuoweichangdaocanjiren“zhengchanghua”nulideyibufen。

1959nian:ouzhouyihuitongguole《fangbiancanzhangzheshiyongdegonggongjianshedeshejiyujianshedejueyi》。tongyishiqi,meiguoweilefangbianshangcanjunrenjiuyebushouxianzhierzheshoujianshezhuanmendesheshi。

1961nian:meiguolvxianzhidingle《bianyuzhiticanzhangzhejinruheshiyongdejianzhusheshidemeiguobiaozhun》,zheiyeshishijieshangdiyigeyouguanwuzhangaidebiaozhun。

1972nian:guojicanjirenkangfuhuishelilewuzhangaijishuzhuanmenweiyuanhui,lvxiantuichuleguojitongyongde“wuzhangai”biaoshi。

1974nian:lianheguocanzhangzheshenghuohuanjingzhuanjiahuiyizhaokai,zhengshitichule“wuzhangaisheji”degainian,zici“wuzhangai”yicizaiguojishehuibeiguangfanshiyong。

1979nian:lianheguotichuwuzhangaisheji《zhidaodagang》,beinaruguojibiaozhunhua(iso/tc59/wg1)xuanyanzhong。

1982nian:lianheguotongguode《guanyucanjirendeshijiexingdonggangling》,zhichubaokuogezhongwulide、wenhuadeheshehuidezhangai,xianzhizhecanjirenjinruwuzhihuanjingheshehuihuanjing,yincibixuxiaochuhuozhejianshaoyingxiangcanjirenpingdenghechongfencanyudegezhongzhangai。

1990nian:《meiguocanzhangzhefaan》jiangwuzhangaiyucanzhanggongminquanlibaohuhefancanzhangqishilichanglianxizaiyiqi,jiyubaozhangcanzhangzhepingdengcanyuheshouyidejihui,guidingjiuye、jiaotong、gonggongsheshi、zhengfufuwuhedianxindenggefangmianduiyucanzhangzhebixushi“kejinrude”“keshiyongde”,youcitichulewuzhangaigainianxindeshuyubiaoda——kedaxing、keshiyongxing。 zheiyigainianguanchuanyugaifaan,chengweimeiguocanzhangzhequanlilifadehexingainian,yeyingxiangzhehenduoguojiahediqurenmenguanyuwuzhangaiderenshihexingdong。

2006nian:di61jielianheguodahuitongguode《canjirenquanligongyue》,chuangzaoxingditichu“tongyongsheji”he“helibianli”gainian,zaigeleirenqunbutongxuqiuhecanjirenteshuxuqiuzhijianqudepingheng,bingzhaodaohehugongpingyuanzeheshichangfazedejiejuefangfa——jiushiyaojianliwuzhangaihuanjing,weirenmenzaigengguanglingyugenghaodirenshi、dingyiheshiyong“wuzhangai”tigonglekeneng,weibacanzhangzhedewentiyuyibanshehuiwentilianjieqilaidatongleguanjie。

2010nian:shenzhenshichutai《shenzhenshiwuzhangaihuanjingtiaoli》,kaiqilequanshinaizhiquanguowuzhangaishiye,zici,shenzhenyijingwenbuzoujinleshijiewuzhangaijianshededuiwuzhong。

2018nian:lianheguocanzhangzhewuzhangaizhidaoweiyuanhuizailianheguozongbuchengli,kangfuguojishouyaojiarulegaiweiyuanhui,quanqiukaishizaigengguangfandelingyutuijinwuzhangaigongzuo。

tongnian,shenzhenshizhengfuchutai《shenzhenshichuangjianwuzhangaichengshixingdongfangan》,goujianlewulikongjian、xingweiguifan、wenhuaguannian“sanweiyiti”dewuzhangaichengshifazhangeju,pingzhedadanchuangxindejingshenzhengzaichuangchule“wuzhangai”jianshedeshenzhenyangban。

(zerenbianji huangyanru)